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Gestalt theory

Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is a school of psychology that emerged in Austria and Germany in the early twentieth century based on work by Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka. As used in Gestalt psychology, the German word Gestalt (/ ɡ ə ˈ ʃ t æ l t,-ˈ ʃ t ɑː l t,-ˈ ʃ t ɔː l t,-ˈ s t ɑː l t,-ˈ s t ɔː l t / gə-SHTA(H)LT, -⁠ STAHLT, -⁠ S(H)TAWLT, German. Gestalt psychology, school of psychology founded in the 20th century that provided the foundation for the modern study of perception. Gestalt theory emphasizes that the whole of anything is greater than its parts. That is, the attributes of the whole are not deducible from analysis of the parts in isolation. The word Gestalt is used in modern German to mean the way a thing has been placed. Gestalt Theory: Main contributions. Gestalt psychologists are known for their contributions to the study of the learning process and problem-solving. However, their most relevant contribution, which was stated by Wertheimer, is the elaboration of some basic laws that govern our perception. Gestalt Theory Law Gestalt theory or psychology is a school of thought that observes the human mind and the behavior of the human being as a whole. When trying to make sense of the world around us, Gestalt psychology suggests that we should not simply focus on every small component Max Wertheimer is the founder of Gestalt psychology, while Fritz Perls established the Gestalt therapy practice. In the following article, we take a closer look at Gestalt psychology's theory and its 6 principles or laws on perception: the laws o

Gestalt psychology - Wikipedi

What is Gestalt Theory? The term Gestalt means 'unified whole', which is a good way of describing the over-arching theme behind the Gestalt principles. These refer to the way in which humans, when looking at a group of objects, will see the whole before we see the individual parts Definition: Gestalt Theory is a broad interdisciplinary concept with a psychological background that suggest that the nature of a complex, unified whole can not be understood by analyzing its parts. The whole is other than the sum of the parts. Gestalt is a German term, meaning the shape (or essense of an entity's complete form) The Gestalt theory and Insight Professor Wolfgang Köhler was one of the founders of the Gestalt psychology. The term Gestalt psychology was first used by Christian von Ehrenfels, the Austrian philosopher, as early as 1890 in his paper On Gestalt Qualities. The Gestaltism was a reaction to some contemporary psychologists Gestalt theory applies to all aspects of human learning, although it applies most directly to perception and problem-solving. The work of Gibson was strongly influenced by Gestalt theory. Example. The classic example of Gestalt principles provided by Wertheimer is children finding the area of parallelograms Gestalt theory dibangun oleh 3 ilmuwan asal Jerman yaitu Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer, dan Wolfgang Köhler. Gestalt adalah sebuah teori yang menjelaskan proses persepsi melalui pengorganisasian.

Initially, Gestalt theory was essentially formulated at the level of sensory perception, particularly at the level of visualization. It soon became clear, however, that Gestalt principles were not only relevant to perception but also to other cognitive procedures such as language processing and the determination of meaning (cf. for example, the. gestalt One of the most important theories of perception is the Gestalt Theory. It was developed about 1910 by Max Wertheimer and carried on by Wolfgang Köhler and Kurt Koffka at Frankfurt University. Psychology of form - Wolfgang Köhler 11. gestalt A form is something else and something more than the sum of her parts The Gestalt theory says that an angle (hard shape) will catch more our attention than a circle (soft shape). In a render, the angle of a window can possibly be an issue as many times it catches your attention. Recognition emphasis

Gestalt psychology Definition, Founder, Principles

Gestalt Theory is composed of rules which describe how human eyes perceive visual elements. Our brain tries to understand the shapes as a single, united whole, rather than the separate individual elements involved. Max Wertheimer, one of the three German psychologists who developed this theory during the 1920s, explains Each theory has a particular way of conceptualizing problems and igniting change. They also come with their own set of therapeutic techniques to encourage change and become the staple of the theory. Gestalt therapy is a type of therapy that utilizes the client-therapist relationship to incite change Gestalt theory looks at people as more than the sum of their parts. Gestalt theorists believe that psychological issues come from unhealthy contact with the world, either through introjection. Gestalt, by definition, refers to the form or shape of something and suggests that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. There is an emphasis on perception in this particular theory of counseling. Gestalt therapy gives attention to how we place meaning and make sense of our world and our experiences

Gestalt Theory: What is it, characteristics, its laws and

  1. The Gestalt Journal is devoted primarily to articles on Gestalt therapy. Gestalt Theory publishes articles on Gestalt psychology, including some on Gestalt therapy. Bibliographic information can be obtained from Kogan (1980), Rosenfeld (1981), and Wysong (1986)
  2. Welcome. The Society for Gestalt Theory and its Applications (GTA) is an international scientific association established for the purpose of promoting the Gestalt theoretical perspective in research and practice.. The 21th international scientific GTA conference has been held in Warsaw (Poland) in 2019 (Program click here!The 22th GTA conference will be organized in Trieste, Italy
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  4. Conclusion Gestalt therapy is a well-developed and well-grounded theory with a myriad of tenets, principles, concepts, and methods, even though Gestalt therapy is often misrepresented in college textbooks and lumped together with psychodrama and other emotive and expressive therapies.Gestalt therapy undoubtedly has the capacity to contribute to.
  5. d which has been applied to a number of different aspects of human thought, action and perception. In particular, Gestalt theorists and researchers attempt to understand visual perception in terms of the way the underlying processes are organized to help us make sense of the world
  6. The Gestalt Principle. Gestalt is a German word meaning essence or shape of an entity's complete form, and this single definition may be one of the most important rules of design. More often than not, designers tend to focus on the web design's details rather than the overall look
  7. Gestalt therapy, a humanistic method of psychotherapy that takes a holistic approach to human experience by stressing individual responsibility and awareness of present psychological and physical needs.. Frederick (Fritz) S. Perls, a German-born psychiatrist, founded Gestalt therapy in the 1940s with his wife, Laura. Perls was trained in traditional psychoanalysis, but his.
Gestalt Principles and How We Learn Language | KUT

Gestalt therapy was developed by the psychoanalyst Fritz Perls along with his wife in the 1940s, and it incorporates principles of the psychodynamic paradigm and the humanistic paradigm. Perls was a student of the famous psychoanalyst William Reich and dissatisfied with the overall principles of the psychodynamic paradigm, particularly. The theory looks to growth and enhancement as therapy, and reflects an early Gestalt motto: You don't have to be sick to get better (Corey, 2009, p. 225). Because of its many demonstrated benefits, Gestalt therapy should be utilized by more practicing psychologists Gestalt techniques for encouraging personal growth. Gestalt psychotherapy techniques basically revolve around what Fritz Perls called rules and games. These are strategies — dynamic, very original and varied in essence — that try to make us more aware of the world around us in order to overcome resistance and facilitate our growth

Fritz Perls, the founder of Gestalt therapy

Gestalt theory What is it, about, history, principles

The human brain is wired to see structure, logic, and patterns. It helps us make sense of the world. In the 1920s a group of German psychologists developed theories around how people perceive the world around them, called Gestalt principles 1. Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. By Fritz Perls, Paul Goodman, Ralph Hefferline. This book, written in 1951, is the original textbook describing gestalt theory and practice. If you are interested in going to the source before examining a more modern perspective, this is the book for you. Available on Amazon Gestalt therapy refers to a form of psychotherapy that derives from the gestalt school of thought. Developed in the late 1940s by Fritz Perls, gestalt therapy is guided by the relational theory principle that every individual is a whole (mind, body and soul) and that they are best understood in relation to their current situation as he/she experiences it

نظريات التصميم كتير ومهمة جدا لاخراج تصميم احترافى ومتكامل بدون عيوب وفى المقال ده هنتكلم عن نظرية Gestalt وديه نظرية تقدر بيها تخلى التصميم بتاعك مندمج ومتماسك مع بعضه Gestalt theory, as Max Wertheimer explained when he put forth from his studies on the perception of movement, seeing an effect of the whole event, not contained in the sum of the parts. Gestalt psychology is a school of thought that looks at the human mind and behavior as a whole. When trying to make sense of the world around us, Gestalt.

Gestalt Psychology: Principles, Theory And Gestalt Therap

  1. gestalt theory can help a designer control unity and variety. Summary: Gestalt theory allows communicators to predict how viewers will respond to design elements. Based on theories of perception, the gestalt principles explain how whole images are often perceived as more than the sum of their parts
  2. Gestalt Therapy Case Study. Gestalt Therapy: Theory Summary: The major focus of Gestalt therapy is for the client to become aware of how past behaviors that were once creative adjustments may be interfering with life in the present time (Corey, 2013, p. 236)
  3. Let's now look at the 5 main concepts behind gestalt theory. Gestalt Logo Examples (Closure, Figure/Ground, Continuation, Unity, and Balance) 1. Closure . The concept of closure in logo design theory is closely related to gestalt. A logo is not an illustration or a painting. It's a visual summary of a brand's identity or essence
  4. Gestalt therapy is a form of psychotherapy which emphasizes personal responsibility, and focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.It was developed by Fritz Perls, Laura Perls and Paul Goodman.

The journal Gestalt Theory was founded in 1979 in Germany as an international multidisciplinary journal to establish a platform for the globally ramified research activities built on the fundamental scientific findings of the Berlin School of Gestalt theory and its legacy. The Journal publishes articles that present a holistic system-theoretical, phenomenological or experimental analysis and. Gestalt theory a theory developed by the Frankfurt school of psychologists in the early 20th-century, which emphasized the organization and meaning imposed on sensory data during the process of perception. An often quoted summary of Gestalt theory (Gestalt = whole o

7 Gestalt Principles (Definition + Examples) - Practical

Gestalt theory can be considered part of the phenomenology approach to education in that the learner comes with perceptions and relates to past experiences which have a significant impact on their approach to learning. Education is delivered with relation to the learners real life experiences and this is when learning happens best The theory was known as classical conditioning, and it still impacts the world of marketing and design today. Gestalt psychologists, unlike their colleagues, thought that processes like perception, learning and cognition weren't that simple, and couldn't be understood by splitting them in parts The Gestalt Theory (Gestaltism) According to the Gestalt Theory , which is commonly known as the Law of Simplicity , every stimulus is perceived by humans in its most simple form . The main focus of the theory is grouping and the entire theory emphasizes on the fact that the whole of anything is greater than the sum of its parts Recently gestalt theory (also gestaltism) has gained immense popularity, especially for designers.In fact it seems to be in trend. However, gestalt principles are also very helpful and designers. While gestalt theory may sound like a complicated concept that would take a semester-long class to understand, it's not all that bad. Most of the basic ideas are even the basis for things you probably do and teach every day

Gestalt Theory and its Applications

The Gestalt Principles are a series of hypothesis defined by German Psychologists in the 1920s. They state that 'the whole is something else than the sum of. Gestalt theory 1. GESTALT Theory of learning {The Insight Learning Theory} Jovin J Mathematics 2. GESTALT Psychology According to the Gestalt psychologists — notably Max Wertheimer (1880-1943), Wolfgang Khler (1887-1967) and Kurt Koffka (1886- 1941) — certain features in visual perception are universal Gestalt theory focuses on the study of consciousness, objects of direct experience and the science of phenomena. Early researchers were unsettled by what was then considered a sterile approach to the scientific study of mental health processes. Gestalt psychology was developed partly to add a humanistic element to the study of perception La psychologie de la forme, théorie de la Gestalt ou gestaltisme (de l'allemand, Gestaltpsychologie) est une théorie psychologique et philosophique proposée au début du XX e siècle selon laquelle les processus de la perception et de la représentation mentale traitent les phénomènes comme des formes globales plutôt que comme l'addition ou la juxtaposition d'éléments simples The theory's central ideas have had an enormous impact on the field of psychology. The Gestalt theory is universal in terms of human experience. It is widely being incorporated to improve user experience and design. It is being used to fine-tune the models to have a significant impact on the viewers

Gestalt Therapy Psychology Toda

  1. d interprets the visual elements
  2. ing the fundamental assumptions of science. It has long seemed obvious — and is, in fact, the characteristic tone of European science - that science means breaking up complexes into their component elements
  3. d and brain that proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies.The classic Gestalt example is a soap bubble, whose spherical shape (its Gestalt) is not defined by a rigid template, or a mathematical formula, but rather it emerges.
  4. d which has been applied to a number of different aspects of human thought, action, and perception. In particular, Gestalt theorists and researchers attempt to understand visual perception in terms of the way in which underlying processes are organized and how they help us make sense of the world
  5. Gestalt theory: Says the person is more than the sum of their parts Believes you should eat stew every day Says that the person is made up only of their experiences and feelings All are correct.
  6. Gestalt Theory's Principles are a valuable tool to develop eyes for what works visually and what detracts from the message we are communicating. And it follows the main traditional ways we have been taught such as alignment, hierarchy, contrast, repetition, balance, colour palette, legibility and positive and negative spaces..
  7. Gestalt theory rested heavily on demonstrations appealing to the observer's perceptions (a form of nonanalytic introspection that references philosophical phenomenology). This small group of refugees thus rejected both the methodological injunctions and the elementaristic, associationist assumptions of Behaviorism—assumptions that seemed to.

WHAT IS GESTALT? - Gestalt Centr

  1. Gestalt theory of personality. Fields have certain properties that lead to a specific contextual theory. As with all contextual theories, a field is understood to be composed of. mutually.
  2. Part 1: What is Gestalt Theory and its principles. Gestalt is a German word meaning shape or form. The use of the gestalt theory or Gestalt psychology developed from the traditional.
  3. Gestalttheorie (o teoria della Gestalt) Indirizzo della psicologia moderna svoltosi in due distinte fasi: psicologia delle qualità formali (Gestaltqualitäten) e psicologia della forma (Gestaltpsychologie) propriamente detta.La prima fase appartiene all'ultimo decennio dell'Ottocento, e ha sede nelle università di Vienna e Graz (C. von Ehrenfels, A. von Meinong, V. Benussi) e in quella.
  4. ds simplify the scene into more recognizable shapes and patterns that we're familiar with
  5. Information about the open-access journal Gestalt Theory in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals
  6. Gestalt definition is - something that is made of many parts and yet is somehow more than or different from the combination of its parts; broadly : the general quality or character of something. How to use gestalt in a sentence
  7. Gestalt therapy is an existential and experiential psychotherapy that focuses on the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social contexts in which these things take place, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of the overall situation. It emphasizes personal responsibility

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Gestalt psychology is a theory of mind and brain formed in Berlin early in the 20th century.. The idea is that the brain sees things as a whole. The gestalt effect is most clear with sight. We recognise figures and whole forms, not just a collection of lines and curves On Gestalt Theory Principles . In the last 50 yea rs many attempts have been made to advanc e image recogn ition. e main tool has been pat tern recognition technique, and the ima ges have

Gestalt theory is a broadly interdisciplinary general theory which provides a framework for a wide variety of psychological phenomena, processes, and applications. Human beings are viewed as open systems in active interaction with their environment. It is especially suited for the understanding of order and structure in psychological events. Gestalt definition, a configuration, pattern, or organized field having specific properties that cannot be derived from the summation of its component parts; a unified whole. See more A theory of perception and social understanding that emphasizes the degree to which individuals understand phenomena as wholes, greater than the sum of their individual parts. 'Gestaltists argue for positive change as a process of mutual and personal discovery' (Hobson (2008) Geog. Compass 2, 1). Gestalt is the perception of a pattern or structure as a whole: Barnes (2001) PHG 25, 4. Gestalt Theory. Gestalt in German means whole self and was developed to be an existential, phenomenological, and process-based therapy. The initial goal is for clients to gain awareness of what they are experiencing in the here and now Gestalt Theory (GT) is a broadly interdisciplinary general theory which provides a framework for a wide variety of psychological phenomena, processes, and applications. The focus of GT is the idea of grouping, i.e., characteristics of stimuli cause us to structure or interpret a visual field or problem in a certain way (Max Wertheimer, 1922)

The History of Gestalt Psychology - Verywell Min

Gestalt theory of learning essentially consists in problem solving by understanding the relative position of the elements in the entire perspective or situation. When a problem arises, it tends to disturb the equilibrium of the organism who seeks a balance and so the organism The Gestalt therapy is notably unique in comparison to other therapeutic approaches, as it targets the here and now and the what and how, rather than trying to reflect on past events and find explanations for them Gestalt Therapy grew out of Humanistic theory. It is one of the client-centered approaches. The focus of this approach is to help clients be more aware of the present moment. This approach also serves to increase people's understanding of what is truly happening in their lives as opposed to what just their perceptions tell them Gestalt Therapy Gestalt therapy uses an existential approach and considers a clients here and now. The initial goal for a client is to gain awareness of what they are experiencing and doing at that time in their life. This type of therapy encourages the client to directly experience a situation rather than talk about it GESTALT THERAPY I am not in this world to live up to other people's expectations, nor do I feel that the world must live up to mine. --Fritz Perls 3. GestaltGestalt is a German word which refers to the total shape of something. • A gestalt, or whole, both includes & transcends the sum of its parts

The Gestalt Theory and The Mirror Stage Theory somewhat work hand in hand, as both theories adopt a kind of automatic cognitive recognition of our reflected image as our own. At 0.14 seconds of Zero Degrees, dancers Akram Khan and Sidi Larbi, begin their choreography symmetrically in front of one another Gestalt theory was introduced as a contrast to at the time dominant structuralism, which claimed that complex perceptions could be understood through breaking them into smaller elementary parts of experience, like splitting graphical forms into sets of dots or melody into sequence of sounds.Gestaltists attacked this theory: same melody can be recognized if transposed into another key and. Gestalt psychology - an influential theory of perception early in the twentieth century - proposed that perception was determined not by the elemental sensations of light and dark but by laws of similarity, good continuation (analogous to smoothness), closure, symmetry, etc. that grouped such elements within a larger visual context (Figure 1).. Gestalt psychologists translated these predictable ways into principles by which we organize sensory information. As a result, Gestalt psychology has been extremely influential in the area of sensation and perception (Rock & Palmer, 1990). One Gestalt principle is the figure-ground relationship. According to this principle, we tend to segment.

Gestalt Theory (von Ehrenfels) - Learning Theorie

The various gestalt principles heavily influence visual hierarchy. What is the gestalt theory of perception? The gestalt theory of perception attempts to explain the way the human brain interprets information about relationships and hierarchy in a design or image based on visual cues like proximity, similarity, and closure For a brief reminder, Gestalt theory is based on the following idea: when people perceive the complex objects consisting of many elements, they apply conscious or subconscious methods of arranging the parts into a whole organized system instead of just the set of simple objects. It works on different levels of perception, but the visual part. Gestalt psychology is a visual perception theory - developed by German psychologists in the early 1920s - that tries to explain the way our minds navigate the chaotic world to make meaningful conclusions. The word gestalt itself means unified whole, a phrase that perfectly captures how we perceive, process, and piece together fragmented parts Gestalt theory had its formal beginning with his work. Perceptual Grouping. Perceptual grouping is a concept important to Gestalt theory. Perceptual grouping is the idea that visual elements are.

GC 100 - Gestalt Theory Principle: Proximity - YouTube

The designer's guide to Gestalt Theory Creative Blo

Translated from the German word, gestalt implies wholeness, or if used as a verb 'to make whole.' Gestalt therapy (often referred to as Gestalt Psychotherapy or Gestalt Counselling) is a relational and experiential form of psychotherapy developed in the 1940's and 1950's by a group of psychologists, psychiatrists, philosophers and educators GESTALT theory. Max Wertheimer (April 15, 1880 - October 12, 1943) يعتبر ماكس فرتهيمر 1880-1943م هو مؤسس النظرية الجشطالية وقد انضم إليه في وقت مبكر كوهلر (1887-1967م) وكيرت كوفكا (1886-1941م Gestalt theory An early twentieth-century development in psychology and an alternative to empiricist theories of perception and knowledge. A gestalt is a coherent whole with its own laws, seen as a construct of the perceiving mind and eye, not as given in reality Gestalt Therapy provides an introduction to the theory, historical evolution, research, and practice of this process-oriented approach to psychotherapy.. Gestalt therapy arose as a reaction to psychodynamism and behaviorism, the dominant approaches of the mid-twentieth century. Its major tenets — a rejection of traditional notions of objectivity, a radical (for the time) focus on building.

According to Gestalt theory, individuals adopt social roles in order to fulfill their biological needs. In healthy existence, this is a fluid process in which the most pressing need emerges into consciousness in order to be fulfilled. Healthy individuals interact with their environment to select the best means of addressing each need as it arises Relational gestalt therapy theory is taught systematically and is interwoven into the experiential parts of our programs. Upcoming Events Weekend Training Program ONLINE Program begins October 3, 2020. This year our program will offer six weekend intensives of experiential and didactic training online. Lecture, discussion and actual hands-on. In Gestalt theory - an object of perception that consists of parts. Part: the general meaning - piece that combines with other pieces to form the whole. In Gestalt theory - set of pieces, which provides the shortest description of the whole (the good Gestalt), is the set of parts that constitute the given whole Gestalt Theory How we perceive the world Posted on April 22, 2019. Gestalt principles are based on cognitive research and how we perceive the world through our senses. Gestalt principles provide the foundation for creating accessible designs and establishing UI patterns within those designs. A screenshot from Battlefield One: Spectator Mode Gestalt Theory in Street Photography 2017-06-05 2017-07-26. 13.66 k ; 21 ; Gestalt Theories were developed by German psychologists in the 1920's after following the lead of Max Wertheier on the belief that the mind uses self-organising tendencies to form a global whole view. These theories try to explain how we perceived things that we see.

What is Gestalt Theory? Definition and meanin

Gestalt Theory. Gestalt is all about seeing the whole instead of all the parts that make the whole. When people see a group of objects, they would see the entirety and not the small or large details that make up the design. Here are the ideas behind the theory: Emergence. Save. This is the process of making complicated patterns from simple rules In Gestalt Therapy, Dr. Gordon Wheeler discusses and demonstrates the underlying theory of this therapeutic approach: The growth occurs through new awareness brought to bear on old habits of self-organization and through supported experiments in new ways of organizing meaning-making and behavior.. In Dr. Wheeler's demonstration of Gestalt therapy, the client attempts to gain a model for. 9,229 Followers, 494 Following, 182 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Gestalt Theory (@gestalttheory

What does Gestalt mean? According to (The Gestalt Principles, n.d & Behrens, 1998), Gestalt is a psychology term that means unified whole. The Gestalt theorists came about in the 1920's and were the first to investigate perceptual organization in Germany Gestalt theory is well known for its concept of insight learning. People tend to misunderstand what is being suggested here: They are not so much talking about flashes of intuition, but rather solving a problem by means of the recognition of a gestalt or organizing principle. The most famous example of insight learning involved a chimp named. Gestalt Therapy Definition Gestalt therapy is a humanistic therapy technique that focuses on gaining an awareness of emotions and behaviors in the present rather than in the past. The therapist does not interpret experiences for the patient. Instead, the therapist and patient work together to help the patient understand him/herself. This type of therapy.

The Gestalt theory and 'insight' - UKEssays

Gestalt Theory. The whole is greater than (and different) Than the sum of its parts Any of the integrated structures or patterns that make up all experience and have specific properties which can neither be derived from the elements of the whole nor considered simply as the sum of these elements Gestalt Psychology Criticism. Like any other theory, it has its critics. The main arguments against Gestalt Psychology are: Lack of experimental data. Descriptive nature of the principles rather than explanatory. Such critics make sense, and we should not blindly believe any of these. Instead, let's try everything out ourselves and see if it. The Gestalt theory is build on the idea of perceiving objects with Prägnanz, and the underlying premise that human cognition rationalises the surrounding environment in a collected, simplified, orderly and balanced manner

Gestalt Theory (Wertheimer) - InstructionalDesign

Jun 13, 2013 - Explore Katryna Johnson's board Gestalt , followed by 141 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about Optical illusions, Illusions, Gestalt laws Description: Launched in 1997, Gestalt Review is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a worldwide forum for exchanges in theory and practice. It concentrates on the Gestalt approach at all levels of system: from the individual, couples, families, and groups, to organizations, educational settings, and the community-at-large

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